Spider monkeys are one of the most recognizable primates in Central America. Three species of spider monkeys can be found in Nicaragua, and are distinguished by their coloration and geographic range.

Brown Spider Monkey (Ateles hybridus): The brown spider monkey is the most widespread species of spider monkey in Nicaragua. They are typically brown or black in color and have long, slender limbs that are adapted for life in the trees. They are found in a variety of forested habitats, including tropical rainforests and montane forests, and are known for their acrobatic abilities.

Black-Handed Spider Monkey (Ateles geoffroyi): The black-handed spider monkey is another species of spider monkey that can be found in Nicaragua. They have black fur and distinctive white markings around their face and mouth. They are primarily found in lowland rainforests, but can also be found in some montane forests. They are known for their vocalizations, which can be heard from a distance.

Central American Spider Monkey (Ateles fusciceps): The Central American spider monkey is the rarest of the three species in Nicaragua. They have orange-brown fur and a distinctive black face. They are found primarily in mountain forests and cloud forests, and are known for their strong social bonds and complex vocalizations.

All three species of spider monkeys are considered endangered due to habitat loss, hunting, and other threats.

Howler monkeys, known as Congos in Nicaragua, are one of the most common primate species found in the country. Here is some information about them, including their mating season:

Howler monkeys are medium-sized primates that are covered in thick, shaggy fur. They have long, prehensile tails that they use to grasp branches, and their mouths are designed to create loud, resonating calls that can be heard over long distances. They are typically black or brown in color, and males are larger than females.

Howler monkeys are herbivores, and their diet consists primarily of leaves, nuts and flowers. They have a complex digestive system that allows them to extract nutrients from tough, fibrous vegetation.

There is not a specific mating season for Howler monkeys, and females can reproduce year-round. Males will compete for access to females, and fights between males can be fierce. Gestation lasts for around six months, and females typically give birth to a single offspring.

The white-faced capuchin monkey, also known as the white-headed capuchin or simply capuchin, is a species of New World monkey found primarily in Central and South America, including Nicaragua. They are known for their distinctive appearance, with a white or light-colored face and forehead, and a brown or black body.

Capuchin monkeys are intelligent and social animals, often living in groups of up to 40 individuals. They are omnivorous, feeding on a wide variety of foods including fruit, insects, small animals, and even bird eggs. They have also been observed using tools, such as rocks, to crack open nuts and shells.

In Nicaragua, white-faced capuchin monkeys can be found in a variety of habitats, including forests, mangroves, and even near human settlements. They are generally considered to be a valuable part of the country’s biodiversity and are protected by law. However, they can also sometimes be seen as pests, particularly when they raid crops or gardens in search of food.